By Author: luo guanzhong, book named Romance of The Three Kingdoms
"The 110th time in the romance of the Three Kingdoms, when Wen Yang rode alone and retreated, Jiang Wei broke through the enemy with water on his back"
The Original Name:三国演义 第一百十回 文鸯单骑退雄兵 姜维背水破大敌
But in the first month of the second year of Wei Zhengyuan, the governor of Yangzhou, the general of Zhendong, and the commander of Huainan army were not thrifty. The words Zhonggong and Hedong were pleasant to hear. I was furious to hear that Sima Shi was good at doing things like abolishing and establishing. The eldest son, Wu qiudian, said, "in terms of father's official residence, Sima Shi has the power to abolish the master, and the country is in danger of being exhausted. Can we feast and keep ourselves safe?" "Frugality said:" my son's words are also. So I asked the assassin Wenqin to discuss. Qin is a guest of Cao Shuang's gate. He came to pay a visit when he heard the invitation of Jian. Frugality invites you to the back hall. When you finish the ceremony and talk, you will weep. When Qin asked why, he said frugally, "Sima Division has abolished the power of the master, and the heaven and the earth have been repetitious. I am not sad!" Qin said: "in terms of the governor's guarding, if he is willing to help others, Qin is willing to give up his life to help them." Qin Zhongwen Shu, small character a Yang, is brave enough to kill simashi brother and revenge with Cao Shuang. Now he can be the pioneer. " Thrifty and rejoicing, sprinkle wine immediately as an oath. They pretended that the Empress Dowager had a secret imperial edict. They ordered all officers and soldiers in Huainan to enter Shouchun City, set up a altar in the west, slaughtered white horses and killed their blood as an alliance. They declared that Sima Shida was rebellious. Now they are obeyed by the Empress Dowager's Secret imperial edict and ordered Huainan army to fight for justice and thieves. All are obedient. He raised 60000 troops and stationed them in Xiangcheng. Wenqin led 20000 soldiers to serve as traveling soldiers. Move thrifty and call on the counties to help. But he said that Sima Shi's sarcoma in his left eye was itching from time to time. He was ordered by the medical officer to cut it and seal it up with medicine. He was cured in the government for several days. Suddenly, he heard that Huainan was in a hurry. He asked Wang Su, the Taiwei, to discuss it. Su said, "in the past, when Guan Yunchang was powerful in China, Sun Quan ordered LV Meng to attack Jingzhou and provide for the families of the soldiers. As a result, the power of the Guan Gong army collapsed. Today, the families of the soldiers in Huainan are all in the Central Plains. They can be provided with immediate help. Even more, the soldiers can cut off their way back: there must be the power of earth collapse." The teacher said: "the public word is very good. But I can't go my own way. If you make others, your heart is unstable. " In the middle of the day, the book servant Zhong would be on the side, saying, "Huai and Chu are very strong in arms, and their sharp edges are very sharp. If someone is sent to lead the troops to retreat, it is not good. If there is a danger of being sparsely off, the great event will be over. " "I'm not at ease, I can't break the thief!" said the master. So he left his younger brother Sima Zhao to guard Luoyang and take charge of the government. The teacher takes the soft public opinion and travels eastward with illness. He ordered Zhuge Tan, the general of Zhendong, the governor of the army of Yuzhou, to take life from an Fengjin; he ordered Hu Zun, the general of Zhengdong, to lead the army of Qingzhou, to leave the land of Qiao and song, and to cut off their way back; he also sent Wang Ji, the governor of Jingzhou, to lead the front troops, and to take the land of Zhennan first. The division led the army to gather in Xiangyang for discussion. Guanglu Xun, Zhengmao, said, "no frugality, no plan, no decision. Wenqin has courage but no wisdom. The soldiers of the Yangtze and Huaihe rivers are full of vigour. We should not underestimate the enemy. We should only build deep trenches and high bases to defeat their sharpness. This is the long strategy of Yafu. " Wang Ji, the overseer of the army, said, "No. Huainan's rebellion was not driven by civil and military thoughts, but by the forces of frugality. If a great army comes, it will collapse. " The teacher said, "that's a wonderful statement." So they marched on the water and the Chinese troops were stationed on the bridge. "Nanton is very good for garrisoning troops. You can pick them up at night. If it's too late, then frugality will come first. " The division then ordered Wang Ji to lead the front soldiers to the next stronghold in Nantun city.
However, Qiu Jian was not in Xiangcheng. When he heard that Sima Shi had come, he gathered people to discuss. Ge Yong, the pioneer, said, "the land of Nanton is close to the mountains and rivers, and it's very good to garrison troops. If Wei soldiers occupy it first, it's hard to drive them away, they can take it quickly." Thrifty as he said, he set out for Nanton. In the middle of the trip, the meteor horse newspaper said that there were already people in Nantong. Thrifty and unbelief, from the front of the army, indeed, banners are everywhere, and the camp is neat. There is nothing to be done when frugality returns to the army. "Suddenly whistle horse fly newspaper:" the east Wu Sun Jun Ti Bing across the river to attack Shouchun. "If you lose your life, where will I go?" he said. It's night retreat in Xiangcheng.
When Sima Shi saw that Wuqiu was retreating, he gathered many officials to discuss. Fu Gu, the minister, said, "those who retreat from the army today are worried about the Wu people's attack on Shouchun. I will go back to Xiangcheng to defend. The general can make one Army take Yuejia City, one Army take Xiangcheng, one Army take Shouchun, then the soldiers in Huainan will retreat. Deng AI, Yanzhou's assassin, is resourceful; if he leads the way to take Lejia, he should take heavy troops, and it is not difficult to break the thief. " According to this, he sent envoys to hold the denunciation to teach Deng AI to defeat the city of Le Jia with Yanzhou's soldiers. The division then led the troops to meet him.
However, Qiu Jian is not in Xiangcheng. If you don't have time to go to Leijia City, you will go to sentry. I'm afraid there will be soldiers. Wen Qin was asked to come to the camp for a discussion. Qin said, "don't worry, governor. My humble son Wen Yang and I need only five thousand soldiers to secure the city of Le Jia. " Frugal joy. The chin father and son sent 5000 soldiers to lega. The former military newspaper said: "in the west of Lejia, there are all Wei soldiers, about ten thousand. Looking at the Chinese army in the distance, there are baizhuyue, zaogai Zhufan, surrounded by Huzhang, and a beautiful Shuai banner inside. It must be Sima division, who has set up a camp, which is not complete. " At that time, Wen Yang stood on his father's side with his whip hanging. Hearing this, he told his father, "when the barracks is not completed, you can divide the troops into two ways and attack them left and right, and you can win all." Qin said, "when can I go?" Yang said, "at dusk tonight, my father brought 2500 soldiers to kill from the south of the city; my son brought 2500 soldiers to kill from the north of the city: at three o'clock, we will meet in Wei village." Qin followed, and the troops were divided into two routes that night. Wen Yang was eighteen years old, eight feet long, and was used to armour. He hung a steel whip around his waist, mounted a gun, and walked into Wei village. It was the night when Sima Shibing arrived in Lejia and set up a camp, waiting for Deng AI to arrive. Division for the current new sarcomas, sore pain, lying in the account, so that hundreds of armour ring guard. At three o'clock, suddenly there was a loud shout in the village, and the people and horses were in chaos. When the division asked urgently, the man reported, "the first army will cut through the north of the stronghold and enter directly. The first general is not brave!" Shida was shocked and his heart was burning. His eyes burst out of the sarcomatous wound. The blood was everywhere and the pain was hard to deal with. He was afraid of disordered military spirit. He only bit the quilt and endured it. He was all bitten. It turns out that Wenyang army came first, rushed in and rushed right and left in the stronghold; people didn't dare to be there, and those who refused were stabbed and flogged with guns, all of them were killed. The ducks only hope that their father will come, and they think that they will not see them. Several times to the Chinese army, are shot back by the bow and crossbow. The ducks were killed until dawn, only to hear the sound of drums and horns in the north. The duck looked back at the follower and said, "it's because my father is not in the south, but he comes from the north. Why?" When the ducks and horses looked at it, they saw a military line like a strong wind. The first general was Deng Aiye. He jumped the horse's broadsword and shouted, "stop fighting against thieves!" The duck is furious, and he shoots at it. There are fifty matches in a war, no difference between victory and defeat. In the middle of the battle, Wei soldiers made great progress. They attacked from front to back. The soldiers under the duck fled separately. Only Wen Yang, alone, rushed away from Wei soldiers, looking south. Hundreds of Wei generals, full of energy, rushed after him. They would come to the side of Le Jia bridge and catch up. The duck suddenly drew back his horse and gave a big drink, and rushed straight into the Wei general's array. When the steel whip started, the horses fell one after another, and each of them went backward. Yang Fu walked slowly. Wei will gather at one place and say in surprise, "this man dare to retreat from us! We can pursue it together! " So Wei will catch up with hundreds of people. The duck was furious and said, "you don't care what you do, rat!" He raised the whip and whipped the horse. He killed several people with the whip and then went back to the horse to slow down the bridle. Wei Jiang chased after him four or five times in a row, but he was killed and retreated by Wen Yang alone. Later generations had a poem that said, "when changban rejected Cao alone, Zilong became a hero. In the city of Lejia, where there is a struggle, we can see that Wenyang is very brave. " It turned out that Wenqin was fascinated by the rugged mountain road and went to the valley in the middle of the night to find his way out. The sky was already clear, and Wenyang people and horses didn't know where they were going. They only saw the victory of Weibing. The king retreated without fighting. Wei soldiers took advantage of the situation to pursue and kill, and Qin led them to look forward to Shouchun.
However, it is said that Yin Damu, a lieutenant in the Wei palace, is Cao Shuang's confidant. He was murdered by Sima Yi because of Shuang. He tells the story of Sima Shi, who often wanted to kill his master and report Shuang to him. He has a good relationship with Wen Qin. This time, I saw that my teacher's eye tumor was prominent and could not move, but I entered the account and told him: "Wen Qin had no rebellious heart, and now he was persecuted by Wu Qiujian, so that's so. To say so, must come down. " Follow the example. Big eye is used to wearing helmets and riding horses to catch up with Wen Qin. Seeing that, he shouted loudly, "did Wen assassin see Yin big eye?" Qin looked back and said, "why don't you stand for a few days?" This is the death of Da mu, so he came to stay in Qin. Qin didn't understand his intention. He swore loudly and wanted to shoot. Big eyes came back crying. When Ma benshouchun, who was gathered by Qin, was taken by zhugerian's soldiers; when he wanted to return to Xiangcheng, Hu Zun, Wang Ji and Deng AI arrived. When he saw the danger, he went to Sun Jun of the eastern Wu. However, Qiu Jian was not in Xiangcheng. He heard that Shouchun had been lost and Wenqin was defeated. When three soldiers arrived outside the city, Jian withdrew all the soldiers in the city to fight. Just when I met Deng AI, Jian asked Ge Yong to go out and fight with AI. They were cut off by AI and killed by his soldiers. Don't fight against frugality. There was a great commotion in Jianghuai. Hu Zun and Wang Ji led the troops to attack in four directions. If the enemy can't hold on to frugality, he will lead more than ten riders to take the road. From the front to the lower part of Shenxian County, the county magistrate song Bai opened the door and set up a seat to wait for. Thrifty drunk, was killed by song Bai Ren, and offered his head to Wei Bing. So Huainan was peaceful. Sima Shi was unable to get up, so he called Zhuge Sheng to enter the account, and gave him the seal ribbon, which was added as the general of the East Town, the commander of the army and horse of Yangzhou Zhulu, and a class teacher returned to Xuchang. Every night, I saw Li Feng, Zhang Ji and Xia houxuan standing in front of the couch. The teacher was in a trance, so he asked Sima Zhao to come to Luoyang. Zhao cried and worshipped under the bed. The teacher's last words said: "although I want to unload my shoulders, I can't get it. You must not trust others lightly and take the misfortune of destroying the family yourself. " At the end of the speech, I paid for it with a printed ribbon, and tears streamed down my face. When Zhao was eager to ask, the normal university called out and died. February, 2012. Therefore, Sima Zhao was in mourning and declared to play Cao Tiao, the Lord of Wei Dynasty.
I sent an emissary to Xuchang with an imperial edict, and ordered him to stay in Xuchang, the army of simazhaotun, to prevent the eastern Wu Dynasty. Zhaoxin hesitates. Zhong Hui said, "if the general is left here, his heart will not be determined. In case the court changes, what can I regret? " Zhaocong, that is to say, the troops to the south of Luoshui. It's a big surprise. Wang Suzou, the Taiwei, said, "since Zhao has succeeded his brother in the power, his majesty can make peace with him." He ordered Wang Su to hold the imperial edict, and appointed Sima Zhao as the general of the army. Zhaojin and Shanbi. Since then, all big and small things at home and abroad have been attributed to Zhao. However, it was said that Xishu made a detailed sentry to know this and reported it to Chengdu. After Jiang weizou, the master said: "Sima Shi is newly dead. Sima Zhao was in power at the beginning. He must not leave Luoyang without permission. I ask you to take the intermediate expedition of Wei to restore the Central Plains. " Later, Jiang Wei was appointed to attack Wei. Wei went to Hanzhong and reorganized the people and horses. Zhang Yi, the general of the expedition to the west, said, "the land of Shu is shallow and narrow, and the money and grain are thin, so it's not advisable to go on an expedition. It's better to keep the score according to the danger, and help the army and the people: this is the plan to protect the country." Wei said, "No. In the past, the prime minister did not go out of the thatched cottage, but he had set three parts of the world, and six of them went out of the Qi Mountain to the Central Plains. Unfortunately, he lost his life halfway, so that he did not succeed. Today, I am under the orders of the prime minister. I will serve the country faithfully to carry on my ambition. Though I die, I have no hatred. There is a gap in the Wei Dynasty. If you don't cut it at this time, when will you wait? " Xia Houba said, "the general said so. However, it is not uncommon for Qingqi to go out first. If taoxi'nan'an is obtained, the counties can be determined. " Zhang Yi said: "those who are not able to return are all due to the late arrival of the army. Bingfayun: attack unprepared, unexpected. If the Wei people can't guard against it, they will win all the battles. "
So Jiang Wei led fifty thousand troops, but he did not expect to advance. When the soldiers arrived at Taoshui, the border guards reported to Wang Jing, the governor of Yongzhou, and Chen Tai, the general of the western expedition. Wang Jing starts with 70000 horse infantry. This is what Jiang Wei did to Zhang Yi and Xia Houba: they took the plan, and Wei led the army to the Taoshui array. "Wei, Wu and Shu have become the most powerful forces. Why do you join the invaders?" Wei said, "Sima Shi abolished the Lord without any reason, and the neighbors should question sin, let alone the country of the enemy." After a review, four generals Zhang Ming, Hua Yong, Liu DA and Zhu Fang said, "Shu soldiers carry water as an array. Failure is not in water. Jiang Wei is brave. You four generals can fight. If he moves back, he can pursue him. " Four generals will come out to fight against Jiang Wei. Wei Lue and Shu He, turn back the horse and look at the array and go. Wang Jingda drives the scholars and horses together. Wei led the soldiers to look at the Tao water and walk away. When the general was near the water, he called out to the soldiers and said, "it's urgent! Why don't generals work hard! " All the generals fought hard to kill back, and Wei Bing was defeated. Zhang Yi and Xia Houba copied the Wei soldiers and killed them in two ways, trapping them in the heart of Cuan. He fought hard and fought hard to enter the Wei army. He rushed left and right. The Wei army was in a mess. He trampled on them. Most of the dead were forced into Taoshui. He beheaded more than ten thousand people and laid many corpses. Wang Jingyin led the defeated soldiers to fight out and went to Didao city. He ran into the city and kept the door closed.
Jiang Wei got all the credit. After finishing the reward, he wanted to attack Didao city. Zhang Yijian said: "the general's achievements have been accomplished, and his voice is so powerful that he can stop. If we go ahead now, if we don't like it, it's just like adding to the cake. " Wei said, "No. He was defeated and wanted to make progress. He crossed the Central Plains. In today's World War I in Taoshui, people in Wei Dynasty were afraid of cracking. I expect that Dido could easily get it. Do not let yourself fall into the trap. " Zhang Yi admonishes again and again, but Wei doesn't follow him, so he enlists soldiers to take Didao city. However, Chen Tai, general of Yongzhou's expedition to the west, was about to take revenge on Wang Jing for his defeat when Deng AI, the governor of Yanzhou, led his troops. Tai then, after finishing the ceremony, AI said, "I have come here to help the general defeat the enemy under the command of the general." When Taiwen asked Deng AI, AI said, "if Taoshui wins, if we recruit the Qiang people, we will fight for Guanlong in the East, and call forth four counties: This is a great disaster for our soldiers. Today, I don't think so, but I want to visit the city of Didao. Its walls are strong and hard to attack, and its empty soldiers are laborious. Now I'm in Xiangling, and then I'm going to attack. The soldiers of Shu will be defeated. " Chen Tai said, "what a wonderful theory!" Then he sent twenty troops, fifty of them each, with banners, drums and flames, to ambush in the mountains and deep valleys in the southeast of Didao city day by day and night. When the soldiers came, they would play drums and horns together. At night, they would set fire and set off their guns to frighten them. The dispatch has been completed, waiting for the arrival of Shu soldiers. So Chen Tai and Deng AI, respectively, led 20000 soldiers one after another. He said that Jiang Wei surrounded Didao city and made the soldiers attack it from all sides for several days. He was depressed and had nothing to do. It was dusk, suddenly three or five times meteor horse newspaper said: "there are two ways of soldiers, the flag of the book: one way is to March west General Chen Tai, the other way is Yanzhou assassin Deng AI." Wei was shocked, so he asked Xia Houba to discuss. Ba said, "I said to the general, Deng AI, who was good at the art of war and geography since he was young. It's a very strong enemy to be here today. " Wei said, "when the other army is far away, I will not allow him to stay and fight." He left Zhang Yi to attack the city and ordered Xia Houba to lead his troops to meet Chen Tai. Wei invited troops to meet Deng AI. Less than five miles away, suddenly a cannon sounded in the southeast, and the drum horn shook the ground, and the fire burst into the sky. When Wei Zongma looked around, he saw the flag of Wei Bing. "Wei Dajing said:" in Deng AI's plan! Then he ordered xiahouba and Zhangyi to abandon Didao and retreat. So all Shu soldiers retreated to Hanzhong. After Wei was cut off, he could only hear the drum behind him. When Wei retreated to the sword Pavilion, he knew that there were more than 20 fire drums, all of which were empty. The troops were withdrawn from Zhongti.
And said that after the main reason for Jiang Wei Tao Xi's merit, the imperial edict for the Wei army. Wei accepted the post. Thanks for the above table, and then he made a plan to attack Wei. It's just that success doesn't need to add snake feet, but to ask thieves to think twice. I don't know how about the northern expedition. Let's see the breakdown below.